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Context-aware computing

Paolo Fraccaro, PhD student

Title

Context-aware computing of actionable information to improve patient safety in primary care

Project Overview

The focus of this PhD focuses on context-aware computing of actionable information in primary care informatics systems to improve patient safety. As population is aging and prevalence of people living with multiple conditions increases, this research investigates how we can move primary care informatics systems from treating the average patient towards a more personalised way of delivering healthcare and guarantee patient safety.

Start: October 2013

End: February 2017

Funded by: Greater Manchester Primary Care Patient Safety Translational Research Centre

Disease Area

Multimorbidity, Chronic Kidney Disease

Data Source

  • Routinely collected primary care data
  • Main source of data is the Salford Intergrated Record, which collects data from all GP practices and one secondary care provider in Salford

Methodology

  • Multidisciplinary approach including informatics, statistics, engineering and epidemiology

Benefits and Outcomes

This research is relevant for both clinicians and policy makers. On one side informatics and statistics can analyse data and provide specific information to clinicians about the chances of a patient to develop a disease or an adverse event. On the other side, data modelling allows to identify high risk patients, and policy makers can assess better if an intervention is needed or where to allocate resources.

The aim is to provide examples of how health informatics could be applied on routinely collected data to improve patient safety and healthcare delivery and hope to develop examples that are implementable in primary care informatics systems.

Researchers Involved

Prof. Iain Buchan

Dr Niels Peek

Mattia Prosperi

Dr John Ainsworth

Publications

Fraccaro P, Arguello Casteleiro M, Ainsworth J, Buchan I (2015) Adoption of Clinical Decision Support in Multimorbidity: A Systematic Review. JMIR Med Inf 3: e4. Available: http://medinform.jmir.org/2015/1/e4/.

Fraccaro P, Nicolo M, Bonetto M, Giacomini M, Weller P, et al. (2015) Combining macula clinical signs and patient characteristics for age-related macular degeneration diagnosis: a machine learning approach. BMC Ophthalmol 15: 10. Available: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2415/15/10.

Fraccaro P, Brown B, Prosperi M, Sperrin M, Buchan I, et al. (2015) Development and preliminary validation of a dynamic, patient-tailored method to detect abnormal laboratory test results. Stud Health Technol Inform 216: 701–705. Available: http://ebooks.iospress.nl/publication/40300.

Note: Paolo was awarded the 2015 Early Career Award by The Chartered Institute for IT’s Primary Health Care Specialist Group